Dashboard >> EV FAQs

Promoting EV Uptake in NZ

Download PDF

  1. What are the benefits of driving an electric vehicle?
    • Lower operating costs - $3.50-$6 per 100 km (Around town $3.50, Open Road $6 per 100km).
    • Lower maintenance costs – No oil or filter changes, No cam belt, no air filter, no muffler, No transmission flush.
    • Regenerative braking doubles life of brake pads
    • Less susceptibility to volatile fuel prices and reduced oil dependency
    • Recharging using NZ generated Electricity – Jobs and $$ staying in NZ
    • Significant balance of payment benefits to NZ by not buying overseas oil.
    • NZ imports $8 Billion of oil per year.
    • Quieter ride and reduced vehicle noise.
    • Reduced noise pollution in our cities.
    • Significant balance of payment benefits to NZ by not buying overseas oil.
      • NZ imports $8 Billion of oil per year.
    • Quieter ride and reduced vehicle noise.
    • Convenience (home charging for all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles).
    • No stops at the gas station.
    • Opportunity to make a "green" choice and reduce dependence on unsustainable fossil fuels.
    • Reduced emissions of harmful air pollutants and greenhouse gases.
    • 76% of Electricity in NZ is renewable.
    • Increased energy efficiency.
  2. How far can an electric vehicle travel on a fully-charged battery?
    • Mitsubishi i MiEV = 120 km range around town – 100 km open road.
    • Nissan LEAF = 130 km range around town – 100 km open road.
    • Tesla Roadster = 400 km Range – new (2015) battery range = 600 km.
    • Tesla Model S = 480 km Range.
  3. Can electric vehicles travel at the same speed as a conventional vehicle?
    • Yes in fact acceleration in many cases is better than gasoline\diesel Cars
      • Tesla Model S 100% electric 0 to 100 km = 3.2 sec.
      • Porsche 911 GT3 Turbo Charged 0 to 100 km = 3.5 sec.
  4. Are electric vehicles safe?
    • All electric vehicle manufacturers must meet stringent safety standards.
    • The Tesla Model S recently received the highest score every given to any car ever tested by the USA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
    • The Nissan Leaf is also a 5 star NCAP rated car
  5. Can I charge an electric vehicle at home or at work?
    • Yes! Most EV are capable of charging from a standard 10 amp (2 kW) outlet (8 hours).
    • Some require a 15 amp (3.5 kW) outlet similar to a caravan or oven (4 hours).
    • Charging from a 32 amp Juice point charger (2 hours) EVSE Cost = $1,200.
    • Fast Charging using 400 Volt DC (44 kW) (0.5 hours) EVSE Cost = $23,000.
  6. Where else can I charge an electric vehicle? See www.PlugShare.com or download the App.
    • Holiday Parks – with caravan plug adapter. Tourist spots and restaurants often have outlets.
    • Northpower rapid charger (CHAdeMO) in Alexander Street, Whangarei – 20 min for 85% Charge.
    • Approximately 55 charging stations in NZ that the public can access. Many currently free.
  7. Will EV's overload the Grid?
    • No – There is ample electricity available within the NZ national grid.
      • Transpower and Orion have performed a study indicating if 50% of NZ's light passenger fleet where EVs, only 4% of NZ's total electricity would be required. MBIE say this may be near 8%.
    • Northpower conducted a study in 2012 that confirmed: 70% of the homes in Northland could charge electric cars before the grid was stressed.
    • More utilization of the grid could lower prices to end consumers.
  8. What about the Batteries?
    • Batteries expected to last 8-10 years.
    • EV Batteries are 75% recyclable and non toxic.
    • Research in new battery technology is advancing rapidly. It's likely there will be more range out of a replacement battery in a few years (possibly Dual Carbon batteries – using organic carbon (plants))
    • Batteries are the least developed components in EVs and are a significant cost. Development and price reduction is occurring at a rapid rate.
  9. How much does an Electric car cost?
    • Mitsubishi iMiEV = $30k New
    • Nissan LEAF = $40 k New
    • Nissan LEAF = $20 – 30k 2nd Trade Me
    • Tesla Model S = $100 k USD (22 rt. hand drive due in NZ mid 2014)
    • Tesla Model X = $ 80k USD (Q-3 2015)
    • Tesla Model III = $ 30 k New (2017)
  10. Tiwai Point
    • Tiwai Point consumes 14% of all of New Zealand's electricity.
    • There is uncertainty as to whether or not this will close in the near future. This is partly driven by Aluminum prices. What may occur is a halfway house, that is production and therefore electricity consumption may be reduced to nearer 2/3 or ½ of current consumption.
    • This surplus electricity would easily power a significant uptake in EVs
Copyright 2015 | Terms of Use